General, Muscoluskeletal and Vascular Ultrasound

General Ultrasound - ultrasound examinations can be done of most parts of the human body to assess for the causes of a patient's symptoms and signs. General ultrasound exams include abdominal organs, breast, scrotum and thyroid. Your doctor will refer you if he/she believes the study can help either confirm or rule out the preliminary diagnosis suspected.

In all these exams, ultrasound gel is applied to the surface of the skin over which the probe will be positioned to best view the structures or organs. This gel is water-based, dries off clear and does not stain clothing. You may be needed to fast for several hours prior to the exam if it is of the abdomen, or to drink plenty of water if the kidneys are to be assessed.You may be asked to vary your breathing or hold your breath during many of the exams to help visualise certain ograns or structures better.

Some of the more specialised areas of ultrasoud include:

Muscoluskeletal Ultrasound - which are a group of exams performed by a highly skilled sonographer and/or radiologist to examine the joints, tendons, ligaments, muscles and nerves of the shoulder (rotator cuff), elbow, wrist, hands, hip, knee, ankle, feet and toes most commonly. These structures are thoroughly assessed for evidence of tendon tears and inflammation, and sometimes even arthritis and fractures that may be the cause of your symptoms such as pain and/or decreased range of motion.

Vascular Ultrasound - is a specialist group of examinations performed by a highly skilled sonographer to examine various veins and arteries throughout the body. Common studies include the carotid arteries in the neck(to identify any plaque that has built up against the wall of the vessel that can breakoff and cause a stroke); the aorta for any abnormal bulges that indicate weakening of the walls, renal arteries (which supply blood to the kidneys); and the lower limb veins to assess for deep vein thrombosis (DVT)(clots that form in the veins that can be life-threatening). The sonographer may measure the velocity and pattern of blood flow in the vessels.